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About Pilsen Region

About Pilsen Region

Plzeňský kraj (Pilsen Region) spreads across the south-west part of the Czech Republic. Its longest border is the one with the Federal Republic of Germany (Bavaria) in the south-west.

The location of the region is very favourable, as it is situated at the crossroads between the Czech capital, Praha (Prague), and Western European countries.

In terms of its area, Plzeňský kraj ranks as the third-largest region in the Czech Republic.  However, it ranks ninth out of fourteen regions in terms of population. Its share in the total population of the Czech Republic is 5.4%, thus it is the second least-populated region in the Czech Republic after the neighbouring region of Jihočeský kraj (South-Bohemia).

The centre of the region is the city of Plzeň (Pilsen) - an economic, cultural and social metropolis of Western Bohemia. The city gained its worldwide fame primarily thanks to  the production of the beer brand Plzeňský Prazdroj. The historical centre of Plzeň – founded in 1295 by the Czech King Václav II (Wenceslas II) at a junction of four rivers – was declared a city conservation reserve thanks to the large number of preserved landmarks. The city is dominated by the gothic Chrám sv. Bartoloměje (Cathedral of St. Bartolomew) which has the tallest steeple (102.6 m) in the Czech Republic. Currently, Plzeň is the fourth largest city in the Czech Republic. It has a population of 167,000. It is the seat of the Západočeská univerzita v Plzni (University of West Bohemia in Pilsen) and the bishopric.

Besides Plzeň, the towns of Klatovy, Domažlice, Tachov and Rokycany are also important centres. Considering the region’s small population, even relatively small towns like, for example, Sušice, Stříbro, Plasy, Kralovice, Horšovský Týn, Přeštice, Nepomuk etc. are of high importance.

A significant part of the territory of Plzeňský kraj is covered by forested mountain ranges, the most important of which are the Šumava (Bohemian Forest) in the south, Český les in the south-west and Brdy in the east. The countryside is enriched by numerous water-areas such as Hracholuská přehrada (Hracholusky Dam) on the Mže River, the network of Bolevecké rybníky (Bolevec Ponds) on the outskirts of Plzeň and the ponds in the southern part of the Plzeň area. The entire area is a popular and sought-after destination for tourists. It offers ideal conditions for hiking, cycling and winter sports. Other frequent forms of recreation are sport fishing, hunting, hiking in the countryside, horseback riding and golf.

Last edited by: Beránek Filip (23.06.2010)

 


 

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